On October 25, 2021, President Biden issued a proclamation ending
travel bans that had been in effect for most of 2020 and 2021 restricting the entry of nonimmigrants who had been present in certain countries. The proclamation also created a new rule, effective November 8, 2021, that requires all adult nonimmigrant travelers entering the United States via air travel to be fully vaccinated against COVID-19,
with limited exceptions.

On January 22, 2022 this rule was extended to nonimmigrant travelers entering the United States via land ports of entry or by ferry from Canada or Mexico.


What Does Fully Vaccinated Mean?
You must have received a vaccine approved or authorized by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) or World Health Organization (WHO), which currently includes the following vaccines:

Janssen/Johnson & Johnson(Single Dose), Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna, AstraZeneca, Covishield, BIBP/Sinopharm, Sinovac, Covaxin and Novavax/Covovax.

You are considered fully vaccinated two weeks after receiving the last dose of a multi-dose, or the first dose of a single dose, approved vaccine. Receipt of doses from any two different approved vaccines is acceptable.

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What Proof Is Required for Air Travel?

Before boarding a flight to the United States, adult nonimmigrant travelers must provide proof of vaccination:

  • Verifiable digital or paper records: This includes, but is not limited to, vaccination certificates or digital passes accessible via QR code (such as the UK NHS COVID Pass and the European Union Digital COVID Certificate).

  • Non-verifiable paper records: A paper vaccination record or a COVID-19 vaccination certificate issued by a national or subnational level agency or by an authorized vaccine provide (such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) vaccination card).

  • Non-verifiable digital records: Digital photos of vaccination card or record, or a downloaded record or vaccination certificate from an official source (e.g., public health agency, government agency, or other authorized vaccine provider), or a record shown on a mobile phone app without a QR code.


Airlines will verify that the form of proof 1) includes a name and date of birth that matches other identification documents, 2) is from an official source within the country the vaccine was issued, and 3) shows full vaccination. You must confirm with the airline if translation is required for documents not in English.

Who Is Not Required to Be Vaccinated?

Certain travelers are not required to show proof of vaccination to board a flight to the United States. At this time, these include:

  • U.S. citizens

  • U.S. Legal Permanent Residents

  • Children under 18

  • Those who participated or are participating in CDC-approved clinical trials

  • Those for whom approved COVID-19 vaccination is medically contraindicated as determined by a licensed physician

  • Those granted humanitarian or emergency exceptions by the Director of the CDC

  • Citizens of countries where less than 10% of the population is vaccinated, and who seek entry pursuant to a nonimmigrant visa (not including B-1/B-2 travelers)

  • Members of the U.S. armed forces and their spouses and children

  • Those whose entry would be in the national interest, as determined by the Secretaries of State,

  • Transportation, or Homeland Security or their designees

  • Diplomats or individuals on official government travel (A-1, A-2, C-3, E-1 (TECRO or TECO), G-1, G-2, G-3, G-4, NATO-1 through NATO-4, NATO 6)

  • Individuals invited by the United Nations

  • Sea crew members (C-1 and D)

  • Airline crew members

The list of exemptions from the vaccination requirement for entry by land and ferry is more limited.


What Proof Is Required for Land Border and Ferry Crossings?

Travelers will be required to:

  • Verbally attest to their COVID-19 vaccination status;

  • Provide proof of a CDC-approved COVID-19 vaccination, as outlined on the CDC website;

  • Present a valid Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative (WHTI)-compliant document, such as a valid passport, Trusted Traveler Program card, or Enhanced Tribal Card; and,

  • Be prepared to present any other relevant documents requested by a U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) officer during a border inspection.

If an exemption applies to you and you are not vaccinated, you will also be required to attest that:

  • You will be tested 3-5 days after arrival in the United States, unless you recovered from COVID-19 within the past 90 days;

  • You will self-quarantine for a full seven days, unless you have recovered from COVID-19 within the past 90 days; and

  • You will self-isolate if the post-arrival test is positive or if you develop COVID-19 symptoms.

If you are unvaccinated and plan to be in the United States longer than 60 days, you must attest that you agree
to be vaccinated against COVID-19, and you have arranged for vaccination within 60 days of arriving in the
United States, unless you are eligible for an exemption from receiving the vaccine (for example, children under 18 are exempt from this requirement).

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Is a Negative Test and/or Quarantine Required?

As of June 12, 2022, a negative COVID test is no longer required before boarding a flight to the United States, and there continues to be no testing requirement for land/ferry crossings.

The above information has been provided by the American Immigration Lawyers Association #AILAStandsWithImmigrants


This website is for informational purposes only and does not provide legal advice. Please do not act or refrain from acting based on anything you read on this site.